Attukal Pongala: Here's what you need to know


For people in Thiruvananthapuram, Attukal Pongala is not just a temple festival. Nor is it just an event, which goes down in the Guinness Book of World Records as one of the largest single gathering of women for a religious activity. It is much more than that – an affair with spirituality and celebrating women.

The legend

Attukal Pongala: What you need to know
Vilakkukettu arriving at the temple. Photo: Onmanorama

The legend dates back to Silappathikaram and Kannagi. After setting Madurai on flames, Kannagi is supposed to have reached the banks of the Killiyar. She was tired and in mourning. The women of the land made and served her food, before she vanished and became presiding goddess at Attukal. And this is why, year after year, thousands come to offer pongala, from across the globe.

Attukal Pongala: What you need to know
The temple, all decked up. Photo: Onmanorama

The pongala is rice cooked in pots – preferably earthen – symbolises the hospitable care that their forebears took of the forlorn Kannagi. It is prepared with care and love, sentiments, which still inspire the devout. Now, the word Pongala means also the act of offering the pongala, together with the various rites.

The spread

Attukal Pongala: What you need to know
Everywhere you look, you see women. Photo: Onmanorama

In those good old days, the Pongala was restricted to the immediate precincts of the temple. Gradually, it extended; today, it covers almost 22kms around the temple. The pavements around the city become temporary hearths. It is not just locals who gather for the festival. People from far and wide, across the globe gather here.

Attukal Pongala: What you need to know
It is not strange to see foreigners at Attukal. Some picking up pots from one of the many makeshift shops. Photo: Onmanorama


The ten day festival culminates with the Pongala offered on March 9 this year.


Attukal, Thiruvananthapuram


Attukal Pongala is primarily a women oriented festival. Men are not allowed near the temple on the Pongala day.

It is a local holiday. There may be roadblocks on the day.

The Kerala government cautioned that those under house quarantine and having any symptom of coronavirus should keep away from the event.