Study highlights how climate change impacting households, children

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The climate and environmental crisis is an intergenerational child rights crisis (representative image).
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New Delhi: At least 60 per cent of the over 630 households that participated in a survey across three states said extreme weather conditions have impacted their economic situation, while up to 58 per cent of the respondents said their children faced health issues due to climate crises.

The 'Protect a Generation: Climate security for India's children' report by PwC India and Save the Children India is based on a year-long study of 636 households in Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and West Bengal, covering three different hazard-prone ecosystems floods, droughts and cyclones, the report says.

The study aims to understand the impact of climate change on children, identify risk and mitigation strategies and develop a roadmap for a climate-resilient future.

The growing instances of extreme weather events like floods, cyclones, erosions in disaster-prone areas increase the socioeconomic and psychosocial vulnerabilities of the children living in these geographies and threaten their fundamental rights, the report said.

The key findings of the study include: three in four households in most districts said that rainfall had decreased, at least 60 per cent of the households said climate crises impacted their economic situation, up to 90 per cent saw a negative impact of climate crises on drinking water and up to 75 per cent of the households saw their houses damaged by climate crisis-related events.

"Up to 14 per cent of the respondents knew at least one family member that migrated because of a climate-related disaster, the study report said. In some areas, up to 20 per cent of the respondents intended to migrate.

Depending on the region, up to 58 per cent of the respondents said that their children faced health issues such as dehydration, skin diseases and allergies due to rising temperatures, it said.

In several districts, more than 50 per cent of the respondents said that children could not play outside due to the heat, according to the report.

The climate and environmental crisis is an intergenerational child rights crisis that threatens children's survival, learning and protection around the world today and tomorrow with the most marginalised and deprived children at greatest risk.

The report highlights the impact of such disasters on marginalised and vulnerable children, said Sudarshan Suchi, the CEO of Save the Children.

PwC India said in a tweet, Climate change is real & it's already impacting the fundamental rights of our children.

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