Osteoporosis, a condition in which the density and quality of the bones are reduced is usually painless and swelling is not one of its prominent symptoms. However, bone cancer like multiple myeloma or tuberculosis that spreads to the bones could cause severe pain.
Though the test to check the level of the parathyroid hormone in blood is quite expensive, it may be necessary for some patients. An X-ray cannot reveal the disease if it is in the primary stages. Scans like HEXA and BMD should be done to determine the density of the bones. It is a common misconception that calcium pills can cure osteoporosis. These pills should be taken only if the disease happens due to the deficiencies of calcium or vitamin D. However, it is dangerous to take it in high doses or continuing it for longer period of time.
Foods like milk and milk products, fishes that can be eaten including the bones, bone soups, leafy vegetables, cabbage, broccoli, soya beans, cashews and almonds are rich in calcium. Regular workouts, sun expose and quitting cigarettes could improve your bone health. Those who are at a menopausal age or with ovaries removed, persons seeking hormone treatments or taking medications for epilepsy should take the necessary precautions against osteoporosis.