Some diseases can be successfully treated but others can lead to kidney failure and may require a kidney transplant if not dialysis.
Dialysis is the process of removing waste from the blood and there are two types of dialysis. One is Hemodialysis and the second one is peritoneal dialysis.
Hemodialysis is the process of removing waste and excess water from the body with the help of a machine when kidneys are damaged. When the kidneys stop working, waste and toxins accumulate in the blood. Dialysis helps patients lead a healthier life by taking over the function of the kidneys and removing waste and excess fluid from the blood. Dialysis can proceed in a normal manner with some dietary restrictions and minor lifestyle changes. The love, care, and concern of other family members at home are also very important.
Unlike hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis is the process of purifying the blood inside the body. Peritoneum is a thin area that covers the organs inside the abdomen. Peritoneal dialysis takes advantage of its ability to absorb and excrete blood salts and excess water. You should consult with the patient and his/her family members regarding the kind of dialysis needed for the patient.
(Dr. Vinod Baburajan is Secretary, Nephrology Association of Kerala)