Copper T is an intrauterine device (IUD) used as a contraceptive gadget for women. However, similar contraceptive methods have not been available for men until now. However, a team of researchers in Virginia, US, has introduced a potential solution. In the testing phase, a hormone-free gel named 'ADAM' will be applied to the vas deferens, the sperm-bearing duct in men. The gel, tested on 23 individuals, demonstrated a reduction in sperm count in semen ranging from 99% to 100%. Despite the promising results, lead researcher Kevin Essenfatz emphasized the need for additional tests before considering the gel for contraceptive use. If these experiments prove successful, the product could be added to the list of contraceptives as early as next year, he said.
Existing male contraceptive methods
Condoms and vasectomies are the generally advised options by experts as male contraceptives as of now. While there are hormonal male pills that reduce sperm production, many side effects like weight gain, blood lipid disturbances, raised hemoglobin and the like are quoted for them. Any pill or medicine for the purpose should only be taken following the advice of doctors. In October last year, international media had also reported that a Welsh scientist is working on a pill that can be used by men to prevent sperm cells from reaching an egg. Apparently, the research focuses on slowing the sperm cells' swimming, rather than reducing sperm production.