Australia thrashed India by eight wickets in the first day-night Test at the Adelaide Oval on Saturday to take a 1-0 lead in the four-match series.
Chasing a target of 90, Australia romped home in 21 overs in the second session of the third day's play.
Openers Matthew Wade and Joe Burns put on 70. Wade was run out for 33, while Marnus Labuschagne was dismissed by R Ashwin for six. Burns remained unbeaten on 51.
Earlier, Josh Hazlewood took five for eight as Australia bundled out India for their lowest innings score of 36.
India resumed on 9/1 and were able to add only 27 runs before Mohammed Shami retired hurt to end their second innings.
Pat Cummins chipped in with 4/21 as he and Hazlewood put on a spellbinding display of pace bowling to deal a hefty blow to India's hopes of repeating their maiden Test series triumph in Australia two years ago.
It was India's lowest innings score in 544 Tests going back to 1932 and only four teams have managed fewer runs in the long history of the format.
India's previous lowest total was 42 against England at Lord's in 1974.
"Everything went to plan, I think the way Patty started was unbelievable to knock over the two big wickets and I just followed suit," said Hazlewood, who was on a hat-trick at one stage in his devastating spell.
None of India's much vaunted batsmen, including captain Virat Kohli, managed to get into double figures as wickets fell at regular intervals throughout the afternoon.
Shami's injury, which came when a short ball from Cummins hit him on the forearm, was a double blow for the tourists as the paceman was unable to bowl in Australia's second innings.
India will be sweating on his fitness for the second Test in Melbourne on December 26, especially as they will also be without Kohli for the remainder of the series as the skipper returns home for the birth of his first child.
(With inputs from Reuters)