New Delhi: As the weather changes, most of us notice changes in the texture and appearance of our skin as well. A shift from dry to oily feeling, increase in skin flare ups and breakouts are common experiences.
Seasonal changes bring with them a lot of environmental changes as well. Along with temperature shifts, humidity levels also fluctuate. The type of pollens or allergic elements in the environment also change, so do microorganisms. All these changes do have an impact on skin, particularly for those who have sensitive skin, points out Dr Pankaj Chaturvedi, Dermatologist from Medlinks, New Delhi.
With summer, some people tend to experience skin irritation or acne. As hot weather induces sweating, bacterial growth may also result in bad odour and rashes on sensitive areas.
"Sometimes, even as temperature and humidity increase, we overlook the need to shift to lighter non-comedogenic skincare products. This in turn may further induce episodes of flare-ups or breakouts. Some people even report flare-up in skin conditions such as eczema or psoriasis. Often, the use of heating devices in winters sucks away all moisture from the indoor air, exacerbating skin dryness and related conditions," he says.
A study published in the British Journal of Dermatology concluded that a shift of season does not just change the environmental conditions but also induces changes at skin's cellular level. The study found that a seasonal shift unleashes a breakdown in filaggrin, a protein that helps modulate the skin's barrier function, along with changes in corneocytes, the cells that form the skin's outer layer. When the skin's barrier function is interrupted, the skin tends to become more vulnerable to irritation and damage, he adds.
The expert says it is important therefore as weather changes, our skincare regimen also changes to address the needs of hour. Here are a few suggestions from him:
Change your skincare routine
While, a good cleansing, toning and moisturising routine must to be followed round the year, an important thing to do is to modify your skincare products as the weather changes occur. So, shifting to lighter non-comedogenic products is the first thing to do as we transition into the summer. If you have been using a cream-based face wash or moisturiser, now is the time to switch to water-based light formulations
Consider some skin procedures
If you have been considering a skin procedure, a seasonal shift is perhaps the appropriate time to undertake it. Not only will it pave the way for a dermatologist visit, but it will also help prepare your skin better against the sudden trauma of weather change.
A dermatologist will examine your skin in-depth and help you make an informed decision of which skin procedure you need. If your skin is experiencing dryness, flakiness and signs of ageing are troubling you, you may consider a hyaluronic acid-based treatment such as Profhilo. Similarly, if you are experiencing oiliness and clogged pores, exfoliating and deep cleansing procedures such as hybradermabrasion and carbon peels may help.