How to prevent risk of 'Charcot foot' disease in diabetics

Wearing shoes
Wearing shoes without socks will be a risk for diabetic patients. Representational image: Toa55/iStock

Charcot foot is a foot disease that is increasingly found among diabetic patients. Diabetes can cause nerve damage and loss of sensation. With this, the sense of touch in the foot will be lost. There will be injuries. But the patient never knows the pain. These foot ulcers do not heal quickly. Due to this, the bones become weak, and the foot gets deformed. This condition is known as 'Charcot foot'.

The foot is the foundation of our body. Diseases that affect it affect the balance of the body. Studies indicate that up to 7.5% of diabetic patients in Kerala are likely to be affected by Charcot disease. Diabetic patients with nerve problems (diabetic retinopathy) are more likely to develop Charcot disease. If diagnosed and treated early, surgery is not required. Controlling diabetes is the way to prevent such foot diseases.

For healthy legs

» Diabetic patients should daily check their legs and make sure they are free of bruises.

» They should also check the bottom of their foot.

» Daily they should wash their legs in warm water, and wipe and dry them. Never keep your legs dipped in water.

» Always wear appropriate footwear.

» If you planning to wear shoes, always wear socks

» Increase blood flow to your legs by elevating your legs or wiggling your toes while sitting.

» While clipping your toenails, make sure to avoid bruises.

» Seek the help of a doctor if you notice any sores, swelling, or discoloration on your legs.

(Information courtesy: Dr. Rajesh Simon, Foot and Angle Surgeon, National President, Indian Foot and Angle Society).

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