Falling too often? Simple but effective tips to avoid falls among aged people

The body's balance can go awry due to diseases that affect heart, brain, bones thyroid, and diabetes. Photo: Shutterstock/9nong

Falls can have devastating consequences for the elderly. They not only cause injuries and fractures but also derail the daily routine of the aged people. The morbid fear in the minds of senior citizens that they might fall can create a sense of insecurity among them.

Reasons for falls
The main causes of falls in older persons include reduced vision, weakened muscles and health issues that affect the overall functioning of the body. The body's balance can go awry due to diseases that affect the heart, brain, bones thyroid, and diabetes. Intake of various medicines can create lethargy and dizziness and this can trigger a fall. Falls in bedrooms and toilets are the result of a lack of proper lighting, smooth floors and obstacles that block free movement.

How to prevent falls
The chances of older people falling can be reduced drastically by following certain simple steps, which would make homes and surrounding areas safe for them.
1) Undergo eye and hearing tests at regular intervals and find solutions if there are any problems.
2) The basic act of removing ear wax can help to maintain a good body balance.
3) Those wearing eyeglasses should keep track of their changing vision.
4) Try to understand from the doctor whether the medicines you are taking can affect body balance or trigger giddiness. If so, take requisite precautions.

5) The chances of losing your footing while getting up after having food or from bed in a jiffy are high. Try to avoid such situations.
6) Use a walking stick while walking through uneven surfaces and unknown places.
7) Use footwear with rubber soles and fewer heels. Avoid shoes and slippers with smooth soles.
8) Make it a habit to exercise regularly as it would help in strengthening the muscles. Regular exercises would make joints smoother and walking won’t be an uphill task.

How to make homes safe
1) Ensure proper lighting for toilets, corridors and staircase.
2) Phones, electric switches and things that are used daily should be kept at arm’s length.
3) Handrails are a must for staircases and toilets.
4) Avoid water logging in washrooms and bathrooms.

5) Pathways should be devoid of electric wires and telephone cables.
6) Home appliances shouldn’t hinder free movement.
7) Beds and chairs should be of comfortable height.

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