Here are the factors that made Turkey-Syria quake so devastating

People gather as rescuers search for survivors under the rubble after the earthquake in Jandaris, Syria. Photo: Reuters/Khalil Ashawi

New Delhi: One of the deadliest earthquake that struck Turkey and Syria this decade, it measured a devastating 7.8-magnitude on Richter scale and killed 4,890 people so far.

According to scientists, the earthquake was so devastating due to a combination of factors, including the earthquake's timing, location, relatively quiet fault line and the weak construction of the collapsed buildings, reports The Straits Times.

The tremor caused such devastation because of its strength -- the strongest earthquake to strike Turkey since 1939 -- and because it struck a populated area.

Turkey is in one of the world's most active earthquake zones, said the report.

In 1999, an earthquake along the North Anatolian fault line in the northern Turkish region of Duzce killed over 17,000 people, but Monday's earthquake occurred on the other side of the country, along the East Anatolian fault, the report added.

The East Anatolian fault has not experienced a magnitude-7 earthquake in over two centuries, which could indicate that people are "neglecting how dangerous" it is, Dr Roger Musson, an honorary research associate at the British Geological Survey, was quoted as saying.

He further said that it had been so long since the last big quake, "quite a lot of energy" may have built up.

He added that the magnitude of the aftershocks on Monday, including a massive 7.5-magnitude tremor, supported this theory.

The comments posted here/below/in the given space are not on behalf of Onmanorama. The person posting the comment will be in sole ownership of its responsibility. According to the central government's IT rules, obscene or offensive statement made against a person, religion, community or nation is a punishable offense, and legal action would be taken against people who indulge in such activities.