London: Office jobs are never going to be the same. When workers around the world eventually return to their desks, they'll find many changes due to the pandemic.
For a start, fewer people will go back to their offices as the coronavirus crisis makes working from home more accepted, health concerns linger and companies weigh up rent savings and productivity benefits.
For the rest, changes will begin with the commute as workers arrive in staggered shifts to avoid rush hour crowds. Staff might take turns working alternate days in the office to reduce crowding. Floor markings or digital sensors could remind people to stand apart and cubicles might even make a comeback.
This is going to be a catalyst for things that people were too scared to do before, said John Furneaux, CEO of Hive, a New York City-based workplace software startup. The pandemic gives added impetus to allow us and others to make changes to century-old working practices.
Hive plans to help employees avoid packed rush hour subway commutes by starting at different hours, said Furneaux, who thinks he had the virus. In Britain, the government is considering asking employers to do the same.
At bigger companies, senior executives are rethinking cramming downtown office towers with workers.
British bank Barclays is making a long-term adjustment in how we think about our location strategy, CEO Jes Staley said.
The notion of putting 7,000 people in a building may be a thing of the past.
That is already happening in China, where lockdowns started easing in March. Beijing municipal authorities limited the number of people in each office to no more than 50% of usual staffing levels, required office workers to wear face masks and sit at least 1 meter (3.3 feet) apart.
At a minimum, the COVID-19 crisis could be the death knell for some recent polarizing office trends, such as the shared workspaces used by many tech startups to create a more casual and creative environment.
Cubicles and partitions are making a return as the virus speeds the move away from open plan office spaces, architects say.
Design firm Bergmeyer is reinstalling dividers on 85 desks at its Boston office that had been removed over the years.
That will return a greater degree of privacy to the individual desks, in addition to the physical barrier which this health crisis now warrants, said Vice President Rachel Zsembery.
There's no rush to return. At Google and Facebook, employees will be able to work remotely until the end of the year. Other firms have realized they don't even need an office.
Executives at San Francisco teamwork startup Range had given notice on their office because they wanted some place bigger. But when California's shelter in place order was issued, they instead scrapped their search and decided to go all remote indefinitely, a move that would save six figures on rent.
We were looking at the writing on the wall, said co-founder Jennifer Dennard.
One upside of having an all-remote workforce is that the company can hire from a broader pool of candidates beyond San Francisco, where astronomical housing costs have priced out many. But Dennard said the downside is that it eliminates the chaotic interruptions - the chance encounters between staff members that can spark creativity, so the company is planning more online collaboration to let this happen.