Hamas's response offered a ceasefire in Gaza for four-and-a-half months.
15 of 17 judges on the International Court of Justice (ICJ) panel voted for emergency measures to be taken.
Meanwhile, a United Nations humanitarian team leader said Palestinian civilians in Gaza who honour Israeli evacuation orders cannot be guaranteed they will be safe.
The PM held a 'productive' conversation with Benjamin Netanyahu on the Israel-Hamas conflict including 'shared concerns' over the safety of maritime traffic in the region.
Unnithan had defended Hamas and called for the elimination of Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu.
Congress leader Rajmohan Unnithan has defended Hamas for 'protecting their land' and declared Benjamin Netanyahu a war criminal.
Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu ruled out any general cease-fire without the release of all the hostages.
The Israeli PM said he would consider 'tactical little pauses' in Gaza fighting to facilitate the entry of humanitarian aid or allow the exit of hostages held by Hamas militants.
Hamas's armed wing said it was ready to release the hostages it abducted if Israel freed all the Palestinian prisoners it was holding.
The besieged Palestinian enclave is already reeling from almost three weeks of Israeli bombardment, which was triggered by a brutal attack in southern Israel by Hamas militants.