Seven-time world champion Hamilton is now two points clear of Verstappen with seven races remaining.
Formula One title rivals Lewis Hamilton and Max Verstappen collided and crashed out of the Italian Grand Prix at Monza on Sunday.
The 23-year-old dominated from pole position to take the chequered flag in the first Dutch GP for 36 years, beating Mercedes' seven-time world champion Lewis Hamilton and Valtteri Bottas.
After some three hours of waiting for the rain to subside, the race started from the pitlane and behind the safety car and was then stopped after completing the two laps required to award half points.
Mercedes' seven-time world champion Hamilton finished a distant fourth, with teammate Valtteri Bottas second and McLaren's Lando Norris third, as Red Bull chalked up their fifth win in a row.
Verstappen led from start to finish at Austria's Red Bull Ring, with seven-time world champion Hamilton second for Mercedes.
The 23-year-old, now level with Hamilton on three wins for the season, also set the fastest lap and has 131 points to Hamilton's 119.
A tyre blowout denied Max Verstappen victory and Lewis Hamilton failed to score.
The 23-year-old Dutch driver started the day 14 points behind Mercedes' seven-time world champion Hamilton and ended it four clear.
The Briton's 98th career victory, from his 100th pole position, was his third win in four races and sent him 14 points clear of Red Bull's Max Verstappen.