Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of this though there are other conditions that can also lead to dementia.
Even when the disease is recognized it is often difficult to accept it, says Dr. Robert Mathew, former Professor of Neurology at Alappuzha Medical College and National President, ARDSI.
Dementia cannot be prevented. But there are certain things that people can follow to delay the onset of the condition.
Kerala's only full-time dementia care centre at Edavanakadu in Ernakulam cares for around 15 Alzheimer's patients who live in their own dream world.
Her study dealt with how the human brain stores memories of an individual's interaction with the society and how it later mould the person's behaviour.
While Alzheimer's is primarily characterised by harmful build-up of amyloid protein and tangles in the brain, there is also extensive inflammation in the brain.
The MUDRA Toolbox, consisting of various tests and questionnaires is available in five Indian languages - Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam .
The study tested on mouse models, identified that a probable cause of Alzheimer's disease was the leakage from blood into the brain of fat-carrying particles.
Dementia is caused by a variety of diseases and injuries that affect the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease or a stroke.
'In addition to therapeutics, it's critical to uncover culturally-tailored interventions that reduce dementia risk through lifestyle factors like education, diet and exercise.'