Abha also equalled the women's shot put national record.
The Indian mixed 4x400m relay quartet clinched the gold with a time of 3 minute and 14.70 seconds while Sarvesh Anil Kushare and Swapna Barman added a silver each in men's high jump and heptathlon respectively.
Shaili Singh won the silver in women’s long jump with a best effort of 6.54m.
Quartermiler Aishwarya Mishra (53.07 seconds) and Tajaswin Shankar were the other medal winning Indians on the day, with a bronze in women's 400m final and gruelling men's decathlon.
Pal clocked 29:33.26 to finish behind runners from Japan and Kazakhstan.
Kerala's Maymon Poulose clocked 10.46 seconds men's 100m semifinals to enter the final.
Praveen Chitravel, India's national champion in the triple jump, claimed a silver medal with a 16.98m leap, a new national indoor record.
Iqbal Singh had won bronze at the 1983 Asian Championships in Kuwait. It was the biggest achievement of his sporting career after which he moved to the US where he reportedly worked as a taxi driver.
The 22-year-old Barman logged 5993 aggregate points from the seven events to finish second.
The 30-year-old Gomathi clocked a personal best time of 2 minute 02.70 seconds in the half mile event to win a surprise gold for India.