Another Indian, Pushpendra Singh won the bronze medal with a throw of 62.06m.
The 32-year-old returned jaw-dropping figure of 7/8 in his four overs, a feat made even more remarkable by the fact that as all seven of his victims were bowled.
Kipyegon, who was embraced by her fellow competitors after the race, has now broken three world records in just two months, including the 1500m and 5000m.
Afridi ended up with figures of 4/29 from in his quota of four overs. Despite his heroics, Birmingham Bears edged Nottinghamshire Outlaws by two wickets.
Faith Kipyegon broke the 5,000m world record, a week after becoming the fastest woman ever over 1,500m.
Kipyegon shaved almost an entire second off the previous mark of 3:50.07 set by Ethiopia's Genzebe Dibaba in 2015.
Crouser is the only man ever to throw further than 23.50 metres and he punched the air as he sent one ricocheting off the back barrier, reaching the record-breaking mark on his fourth attempt at the Continental Tour Gold event.
The largest attendance for a single day of Test cricket is 91,112 - a record set during the fourth game between Australia and England at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in the 2013-14 Ashes series.
The Olympic champion cleared 6.22 metres to add one centimetre to his previous mark at the World Athletics Indoor Tour Silver meeting in Clermont-Ferrand, France.
The reigning world champion has now surpassed the 23m mark in seven competitions during his career, a barrier that only three other athletes have ever bettered.