The results leave Brazil in top spot with 28 points, six ahead of Argentina.
The 30-year-old midfielder's future at Everton looked uncertain after they appointed manager Rafa Benitez to replace Carlo Ancelotti this season.
Nestor Pitana, the Argentine who refereed the 2018 World Cup final, waved play on when the ball bounced off him outside Colombia's box and Brazil continued passing for Roberto Firmino to head in an equaliser.
Brazil had won their previous nine games coming into the match in Rio de Janeiro, all bar one of them without conceding a goal.
Peru, who reached the final of the last Copa America but had won just two of their 12 games since, got off to a good start in Goiania.
The mammoth clay house, Casa Terracota, is tucked away in the mountain village of Villa de Leyva, which is 95miles north of Bogota in Colombia, a South American nation.
The result leaves Argentina in second place behind Brazil in the 10-team South American qualifying group.
Uruguay's Edinson Cavani scored early and fellow striker Luis Suarez converted a second-half penalty, his fourth in three games for his country, as they beat Colombia 3-0.
Tesillo's father told local radio the family is counting on God to touch the hearts of people who have written tasteless messages.
Portuguese coach Carlos Queiroz, who only took over Colombia after leaving his job with Iran at the end of the January-February Asian Cup, paid tribute to the side's collective effort.