Historian CI Isaac, Kalari gurukkal SRD Prasad and agriculturist Cheruvayal Raman are the other Malayalis set to receive the Padma Shri.
A total of 106 have been declared winners of the Padma awards on the eve of the Republic Day.
The Kerala government had last year instituted the state awards, 'Kerala Puraskarangal', on the lines of the central government's Padma awards.
He was awarded the Padma Shri in 2020. The same year, his name was recorded in the Guinness World Records for treating the maximum number of patients.
Chopra made history at the Tokyo Olympics by becoming the first Indian to win a gold medal in a track and field event in the Games' history.
Dr Sosamma was honoured with the Padma Shri for her pioneering work in the conservation of the Vechur cattle breed.
The iconic singer, who was 90, had been admitted to a hospital with ill health.
. In all four Padma Vibhushans, 17 Padma Bhushans and 107 Padma Shri awards are being conferred this year.
Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the country, after Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan.
Veteran Congress leader Ghulam Nabi Azad and former West Bengal CM and CPM leader Buddhadeb Bhattacharjee were given Padma Bhushan.